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Surviving The Cold Minnesota Winter

A winter vacation to Minnesota is unquestionably a great way to mark the season. Winter in Minnesota is a celebration indeed with so many activities and festivals organized. You won’t fall short of reasons to plan your winter holiday to Minnesota considering the several options available to you and your family to live a great time together. From ice fishing, skiing to snowboarding; your winter vacation to Minnesota will be as exciting as you might have ever dreamt of. If you’re not the adventurous types and like to live a calm and soothing holiday, Minnesota will be quite right for you too. With over 10, 000 lakes displaying aesthetic beauty of Mother Nature, you’ll be happy to take advantage of the serenity of this place. To learn so much more revealing hints about minnesota winter, look at this article; payday loan in 15 minutes Minnesota.

Skiing and snowshoeing are probably the most popular winter activities here in Minnesota. The fun knows no boundaries, for those who’re experienced. However, for the amateurs too the experience is nothing more exciting. The beginners can seek assistance from the guides to fully understand the tricks of the trade in order that they may enjoy these popular sports too. The best aspect about vacationing in Minnesota in winter is the adventure associated with these winter games. You do not even have to own all the computer that is needed. Most ski resorts in Minnesota provide equipment rentals so that you will be able to enjoy skiing, snowboarding and other such winter sports conveniently.

While on your vacation to Minnesota during the winters, you’ll have a great possibility of being able to witness some great wildlife in their natural habitat. Spotting deer is very easy when you’re skiing along. If you’re lucky enough, you might even see beavers, rabbits, squirrels and fox. Bird watching is also great fun during the winters. Eagles, hawks, crows, and other varieties of finches, chickadees, jays and woodpeckers are commonly seen all parts of the place.

The snow in Minnesota is actually one of the main draws of going to Minnesota in the winter. This snow provides a great background for many events such as skiing, snowmobiling, ice-fishing, and much more. If you’re in the search for a place where you can enjoy all these Minnesota winter activities then you should definitely look into planning your Minnesota vacation to Alexandria.

Minnesota winters are incomplete without ice fishing. In Minnesota, ice fishing is taken quite seriously. With over 5000 fishable lakes, fishing enthusiasts from around the world plan a winter vacation to Minnesota to enjoy the excitement of reeling out fish through the ice. There are lavish ‘fish houses’ for the convenience of the fisherman making your vacation not just exciting but also comfortable.

The annual Ice Fest which is hosted by the Brainerd Lakes Area Chamber of Commerce is yet another reason to plan your winter vacation to Minnesota. Held in Breezy Point area, Minnesota every January on the Pelican Lake, this winter festival will tell you the true feel of experiencing winter the Minnesota way.

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Exploring Oil Spills

The massive oil spill that was caused by the detonation of the Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico has been dominating the world news for well over a month now. Every day the total oil spill gets bigger as the world watches failed attempt after failed attempt at closing the well.

The estimates for the flowrate of the leaking well vary greatly, and as such the estimates for the total spill show a similar variance. What we do know is that each day the total spill gets bigger and bigger, until that hole is closed.

Oil Spills, Really?

On television you keep hearing that this is going to become the biggest oil disaster in the history of the USA. However, the media tend to exaggerate (it sells). So to see how this oil spill compares to disasters from the past, these are the 10 worst oil disasters in history.

No stranger to oil spills, BP should have had a disaster team in place in order to quickly attempt to cap, siphon and clean up oil. BP didn’t seem to have either a disaster recovery or a crisis communication strategy in place. Too much time lapsed between the spill and attempts to cap it using a dome containment system. If a mobile disaster recovery team had been in place in order to manage the physical effort of capping the well, domes would have been at the ready and tested in advance for effectiveness.

Along with the need to establish a physical disaster recovery team comes the necessary to have a communications management team that’s at the ready to communicate with all stakeholders, including employees, businesses, municipalities, and the news media. CEO Tony Hayward has made appearances in devastated areas along the Gulf of Mexico, however his show of empathy was too little too late. It was a fly by the headquarters of your pants communication strategy. It comes as no surprise that BP Chief Executive Tony Hayward handed over administration of the spill to Bob Dudley, Senior Manager.

The tanker ran aground off the coast of France after a judgment in the steering system of the tanker Amoco Cadiz. All the oil leaked from the tanker and it proved hard to stem the problem. A lot of oil washed ashore and had to be cleaned away. Lots of it has left a mark in the environment, both on the coast as on the sea bed.

The oil tanker Castillo de Bellver caught fire and broke in two off the coast of South Africa. Both parts ultimately sank to the ocean floor, with most of the oil still in its tanks. The spilled oil has had little effect on shorelines. The environmental impact is seen as minor.

In May 1991 the tanker ABT Summer sank in the Atlantic Ocean, 1300 kilometers off the coast of Angola. An on-board explosion started the disaster and the tanker sank after a few days. The spilled oil never reached shore. The environmental impact is usually seen as minor.

In 1983 there were several oil spills in this oil field in the Persian Gulf. These spills occurred during (and perhaps even due to) the Iran € “ Iraq war. The war hindered the capping of the well. It took six months to cap the well. Massive amounts of (burning) oil in the Gulf were the result.

These spills occur in the process of drilling for oil. Often spills of this nature involve a fire or explosion on a rig that has been caused by mechanical failure or faulty equipment. Occasionally a company is accused of taking shortcuts or of sidestepping the spirit of a settlement resulting in unsafe conditions that lead to the loss of human lives and large scale spills. Often there is a failure of safety features, such as the blow out preventer in the BP spill that allows for large quantities of oil to escape into the environment. During wars, such as those in Iraq, one worries that rigs will be targeted which can give rise to vast spills on land and in waterways. Sometimes a human error can set into place a series of activities that lead to oil being spilled from a rig as well. There are still other answers to explain how oil spills happen.

A leaking well, 500 miles from the city Namangan, in the Fergana Valley in Uzbekistan leaked a massive amount of oil. There’s not a lot of information available about the root of this spill, or the effects.

During a tropical storm the Atlantic Empress, a Greek oil tanker, collided with the Aegean Captain, another Greek oil tanker. It’s one of the very few collisions between oil tankers, and far beyond the worst. The Aegean Captain was salvaged. However, the Atlantic Empress suffered from fire and explosions and finally sank. Both ships lost large amounts of oil, neither of which ever reached the Tobagan shores.

This well in the Gulf of Mexico was an exploratory well. The drilling platform suffered a blowout and collapsed as a result. The damaged well leaked oil in the Gulf at a rate of dozens of thousands of barrels per day. Closing the well proved difficult and took 10 months to complete.

In the early 20 th century a company drilling at Lakeview hit a high pressured oil field. The pressure proved to be too high for the computer to withstand and the well became a gusher. The well gushed out thousands of barrels of oil on a daily basis. It took 18 months to bring the well under control.

At the beginning of the Gulf War a massive oil spill occurred in the Persian Gulf. The commonly accepted theory of the case is that Iraqi forces used the oil spill as a precaution against a landing of US Marines. The spill occurred from multiple sources. Reports show that the effect to the environment are extensive, because the spill hadn’t been responded to.

Yes, one billion barrels of oil were spilled or burned in this disaster. By far the worst oil disaster in the history as we well know it. The retreating Iraqi forces used the tactics of the scorched earth and destroyed oil wells and set them afire as they retreated. As many as 750 oil wells have been set ablaze, with a peak oil flow of six million barrels daily! It took eight months before all the wells were extinguished and capped. In the meantime, between 900 million and 1 billion barrels of oil had been spilled or burned.

The estimates vary greatly. However, the spill is estimated to be between 500 thousand and 4 million barrels in total. The pessimistic estimate would propel this disaster right into the top 10. It’s not the biggest disaster in the USA yet. However, capping wells underwater has proved to be a difficult job if we consider some of the spills in the top ten.

As you can see, there have been far greater oil disasters than the Exxon Valdez, or the present state of the Deepwater Horizon, especially in quantities of oil involved. There are other factors in determining the effect of these disasters. However, it is hard to keep them objective. Fact is only for a lot of the disasters we simply don’t know the extent of damage that has been made to the environment, because the disaster took place in parts of the world either too remote or too uninteresting for wide media attention.

Fissile Material Explained

Harvesting the energy residing in an atom was an impossible idea until the mid-twentieth century. It was Sir Ernest Rutherford, considered the ‘father of nuclear physics ‘, who first became conscious of the energy trapped in an atom. While examining the outcome of an experiment conducted by John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton, the latter being his doctoral student, he realized the massive amount of energy produced in the ‘splitting’ of an atom. However, he also pointed out that looking for a stable source of energy in such a process was pointless, since the energy required to split an atom of a light element was so much that the surplus output came up to a paltry amount. While this notion holds true for lighter elements even to this day, the scientific world was yet to achieve the capability of heavy, radioactive elements to develop a highly energy-efficient fission chain reaction.

In the fission reactions (whether spontaneous or induced) nuclei of atoms with high atomic number (heavy), for example, uranium, thorium, and plutonium break producing nuclei with atomic number lower, reducing its total mass and releasing a large number of energy. The process of induced fission is used to generate energy in nuclear power plants. The first atomic bombs of the type dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, were on the basis of the principle of nuclear fission. It should be noted that in this connection the term atomic is absolutely incorrect, or at least inappropriate because the processes involved are in contrast to the nuclear, involving the nuclei of atoms and the atoms themselves.

Makes you wonder!

Fusion reactions in the nuclei of atoms with low atomic number, such as hydrogen, tritium, or deuterium, fuse giving rise to heavier nuclei and releasing a substantial amount of energy (much larger than that released in fission, with the same amount of nuclear reactions involved).

And Now For More Fissile Material

In nature, the fusion reactions are those that produce energy from the stars. So far, despite decades of efforts by researchers around the world, hasn’t yet been carried out in a stable, controlled fusion reactions on Earth even if it is developing the ITER project, a project that will provide the successor DEMO create the first nuclear fusion in the world. However, it is now possible to have large amounts of energy through fusion reactions such as uncontrolled, for example, the hydrogen bomb.

To understand nuclear power, we must first have a basic understanding of the format of the atom and the phenomena of radioactivity. Those who’re already familiar with what I’m about to explain may skip the theoretical illustrations.

Fission is widely practiced and constitutes, in simple terms, the ‘splitting up’ of a heavy nucleus, such as that of uranium or plutonium, to produce energy along with a set of lighter elements and various nuclear by-products.

Nuclear fusion, on the other hand, constitutes joining two lighter atoms together to develop a heavier atom. It produces much more energy than fission reactions. However, as I will explain further in the article, the full potential of nuclear fusion hasn’t yet been realized, and sufficient research hasn’t been taken to enable it being used on a commercial scale.

The process of nuclear fission was discovered by Otto Hahn in 1938. Hahn was an eminent German chemist, renowned not only in order to his academic merits, but also because of his open opposition of Nazi Germany’s anti-Semitic policy. He discovered that neutron bombardment of uranium produced barium and krypton along with neutrons. Hahn was, at first, baffled by the outcome of his experiments. This didn’t fit the existing scientific paradigm as nuclear fission hadn’t been invented yet. His exiled colleague, Lise Meitner, confirmed that the outcome was due to nuclear fission. Meitner’s cousin, Otto Frisch, confirmed Hahn’s results experimentally. Since then, nuclear power has risen in prominence, both as a useful boon and a destructive bane. While nuclear power remains the most efficient power source available to mankind right now, the ever-present threats of the risky nuclear technology, ably illustrated by the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Chernobyl and Fukushima-Daiichi reactor accidents, cannot just be ignored.

Coming to the purpose of this article, nuclear power is widely being harnessed across the world in an attempt to reduce the global dependence on depleting stores of fossil fuels. But is nuclear energy really the ‘wonder fuel’ it’s made out to be? Let’s find out.

The technology used for generating nuclear power can also serve to produce nuclear weapons. Left in the wrong hands, such as terrorist or extremist groups, nuclear technology could lay the groundwork for a global disaster.

Accidents in nuclear reactors are far more devastating than those in conventional energy plants. Despite being a much rarer occurrence, individual nuclear disasters are much more deadly than, say, fossil fuel disasters. To be fair, the collective number of fatalities from nuclear accidents underwhelm those from conventional energy plants. However, apart from the immediate blast radius, a nuclear explosion (weapon detonation/reactor core meltdown) is also terrifyingly active in its thermal and ionizing radii. Radiation from the core can cause genetic abnormalities in the population. This can be carried on for generations. Long-term aftereffects of the Hiroshima-Nagasaki nuclear explosions continue to manifest in Japanese population even to this day.

Building a nuclear power plant takes a series of years. Although extensive research is undertaken before initiating such a project, there is no guarantee that the conditions necessary for the power plant’s maximum usage would prevail through the length of its construction. The changing energy demographics could alter conditions in such a way as to make the under-construction nuclear power plant redundant with increasing research in a number of other energy sources.

The operating principle of a nuclear power plant is identical to that of a thermal/ steam power plant. The only difference is that in nuclear power plant the energy required for the generation of steam is derived from nuclear fission. The process of power generation in a nuclear power plant is explained step by step below.

Uranium mining operations can prove to be hazardous for the health status of miners and the surrounding population. If necessary safety precautions aren’t observed, radioactive contamination can spread, even to the other generation.

Acid Rain:123

The term acid rain has been consistently in our surroundings, ever since this phenomenon was discovered. There has been a lot of discussion about the pros and disadvantages of the rain and here we’re going to discuss them in detail. The acid rain is the shape of rain that is artificially produced. In its natural form, this rain isn’t acidic but as soon as the contents of the present rain combine with the water molecules, acid is produced. The introduction of the acid is measured by the PH of the water and when it is smaller than 7, it shows that water has become acidic.

Ever since the industrial revolution, there have been emission of many oxides and the harmful ones have been of nitrogen and sulphur. These oxides have harmed the environment in a big way and they were the primary causes of environmental pollution. One of the greatest disadvantages of the acid rain is because they have a very adverse effect on the aquatic life. Their effect had increased to such a great extent only a few species were eliminated due to this rain. As soon as the scientists came to know about this, special protective steps have been taken.

Very interesting…..

Humans aren’t directly harmed by acid rain but are instead harmed by breathing in the pollutants that cause acid rain, namely sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides (Environmental Protection Agency, 2012b, para. 1). These gases can cause asthma and emphysema in humans (Environmental Protection Agency, 2012b, para. 3).

And even more..

The worst part of it is that acid rain is extremely dangerous for the soils. As soon as the rain falls, there are many ions that are produced and they decrease the efficiency of soil. Even the enzymes are affected and as a consequence the soil becomes useless. Also the fundamental elements of the soil as the calcium ions become dangerous when it came in contact with an acidic ion. The sensitive species are affected as a result.

The point that arises in our memories is that if there’s so many disadvantages of the acid rain, then what is the cause of its use? Well the answer to that is quite simple. The acid rain is used in the regions where there is rain required and it isn’t naturally coming. So the scientists have now developed a lot of protective measures to improve the effectiveness of the acid rain. There have been a lot of technical solutions that stop the emission of oxides.

One of its greatest advantages is that it decreases the presence of Methane gas by 98 percent in the rice fields. This plays a major role as it also assists in making good vinegar. As the research is progressing, new benefits of the acid rain are trying to be discovered. The methane gas plays its role in global warming so its removal due to acid rain can add to its list of benefits.

The acid rain is said to decrease 30 to 40 percent methane in the wetlands so with the passing of time its benefits are getting discovered. So let us hope that a growing number of benefits of this rain appear so that global warming and other questions can be cured in an easier way. We’re not have to make as many sacrifices.

Greenhouse Effect Options

Greenhouse effect is primarily caused by excessive burning of petroleum, coal, and natural gas, as well as the high number of exhaust emissions in modern industrial society. After being burnt, these fuels will release a great deal of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. This will then lead to greenhouse effect.

For example, it will increase storms in the ocean, cause the drought of land, increase the desertification area, and so on. Human activities and the type will also release out other gases which may cause greenhouse effect. These gases include: chlorofluorocarbons (CFC), nitrogen oxide gases, and methane, low-altitude ozone.

Main cause of global warming is burning fossil fuels, like coal, oil and natural gas. These release carbon dioxide and other gases such as methane, chlorofluoroc carbon, sulphur and so forth. The extrication of gases has caused the appearance of a phenomenon called the Glass House Effect (green house effect).

Then what we ought to do to eliminate the harms caused by greenhouse effect? In order to diminish the excessive carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, on the one hand, people need to conserve electricity as much as possible, and drive car as less as possible. We should protect the forests and oceans, on the other hand. In addition, we can also carry out the afforestation work, reduce the use of disposable wooden chopsticks, save paper, etc., so as to minimize the carbon dioxide in the sky and help to slow the greenhouse effect.

Aspects Of Solar Energy

People stay so busy in their life these days that they don’t even get time to think much about themselves. When we talk about environment and saving it then most people believe that someone else’s going to take care of it. Most people would very much like to contribute some money to those organizations which are taking measures for saving the environment but they wouldn’t be willing to do something for their environment individually. Almost everyone thinks that it is the responsibility of the government and others to rescue the environment.

If all the population of a nation do individual efforts according to their abilities for saving the earth then surely something beneficial will happen. There are a lot of individuals who wish to do something beneficial for the environment. People should learn that the scant resources like petrol, coal etc are getting depleted at a very rapid rate. It is crucial for nations to find other energy sources so that they are able to reduce the pollution and save the scant resources for our future generations. Many steps have been made by different nations to make sure that scant sources of energy can be saved.

Solar Energy: More News

Reusable sources of energy have become increasingly popular these days, owing to the increasing prices of fuels. Thousands of people have already grabbed the opportunity to obtain free energy. These people are beginning to take control back by making considerable savings. You will find many home solar panels options available via the internet and with the solar energy panel companies. These companies are would tell you if and how you can keep on your energy bills.

There are some myths about the solar photovoltaic panels that need to be busted before you totally believe in the solar panel systems. The latest solar photovoltaic panels need incident light to enable the systems. So, it really doesn’t matter if it’s winter, summer, or any other season—the solar photovoltaic panels will still function. In the UK, you can even sell the energy obtained from the solar photovoltaic panels to the energy companies. In return, the energy companies will reward you handsomely.

As solar energy is the cleanest form of energy, you’ll definitely be very kind to the environment. This also means that you’ll be reducing your carbon footprint tremendously—making your property highly energy efficient. There are several good solar companies that are offering solar loans to households in the UK. If you’re really keen to go ahead with the cleanest form for energy, then you can help these benefits.

In Cheshire, a lot of people who think about their environment live. Such people often believe that what they can do for the benefit of their environment. Well, one of the most beautiful things which people can do for environment is to use solar power. People can fulfill various needs by using solar energy.

Manchester is one of the most beautiful cities of U.K. A lot of commercial buildings and houses are found in this city. The electricity needs of this city are rising at a good rate. If we talk about Solar PV Manchester then we can say that the number of persons who’re using solar energy in this city is rising. A lot of individuals are realizing the significance of using solar energy in this city. If you’re among those individuals who wish to use solar energy then you should look for the best Solar PV Manchester companies.

People should also be aware that they can get hot water by using solar power. There are many companies who provide Solar Thermal installation in various parts of the world. You may believe that it will cost you a lot to get Solar Thermal installation in your house.

However, the charges for such installation aren’t very high. Moreover, you should also think about the profits you’ll be making every month by reducing your electricity bills when you’ll use solar energy. Using solar energy won’t only be beneficial for your pocket but also for the environment. Many nations are encouraging the use of solar energy.