The term acid rain has been consistently in our surroundings, ever since this phenomenon was discovered. There has been a lot of discussion about the pros and disadvantages of the rain and here we’re going to discuss them in detail. The acid rain is the shape of rain that is artificially produced. In its natural form, this rain isn’t acidic but as soon as the contents of the present rain combine with the water molecules, acid is produced. The introduction of the acid is measured by the PH of the water and when it is smaller than 7, it shows that water has become acidic.
Ever since the industrial revolution, there have been emission of many oxides and the harmful ones have been of nitrogen and sulphur. These oxides have harmed the environment in a big way and they were the primary causes of environmental pollution. One of the greatest disadvantages of the acid rain is because they have a very adverse effect on the aquatic life. Their effect had increased to such a great extent only a few species were eliminated due to this rain. As soon as the scientists came to know about this, special protective steps have been taken.
Humans aren’t directly harmed by acid rain but are instead harmed by breathing in the pollutants that cause acid rain, namely sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides (Environmental Protection Agency, 2012b, para. 1). These gases can cause asthma and emphysema in humans (Environmental Protection Agency, 2012b, para. 3).
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The worst part of it is that acid rain is extremely dangerous for the soils. As soon as the rain falls, there are many ions that are produced and they decrease the efficiency of soil. Even the enzymes are affected and as a consequence the soil becomes useless. Also the fundamental elements of the soil as the calcium ions become dangerous when it came in contact with an acidic ion. The sensitive species are affected as a result.
The point that arises in our memories is that if there’s so many disadvantages of the acid rain, then what is the cause of its use? Well the answer to that is quite simple. The acid rain is used in the regions where there is rain required and it isn’t naturally coming. So the scientists have now developed a lot of protective measures to improve the effectiveness of the acid rain. There have been a lot of technical solutions that stop the emission of oxides.
One of its greatest advantages is that it decreases the presence of Methane gas by 98 percent in the rice fields. This plays a major role as it also assists in making good vinegar. As the research is progressing, new benefits of the acid rain are trying to be discovered. The methane gas plays its role in global warming so its removal due to acid rain can add to its list of benefits.
The acid rain is said to decrease 30 to 40 percent methane in the wetlands so with the passing of time its benefits are getting discovered. So let us hope that a growing number of benefits of this rain appear so that global warming and other questions can be cured in an easier way. We’re not have to make as many sacrifices.